The Weight of Weight Stigma

  • posted by Marci Evans
  • Monday, September 26, 2016


The following post was written by Elizabeth Jarrard, RD.

 

Sticks and stones can break my bones but words will never hurt me. Right? Words like “fat” “obese” get tossed around a lot in our society. Unfortunately they are often also associated with words like “gross” or “lazy.” These words do hurt. The stigma of weight hurts not only the person at which they are directed, but our society in general.

What exactly is weight stigma? According to BEDA “Weight stigma is bullying, teasing, negative body language, harsh comments, discrimination, or prejudice based upon a person’s body size.”

Weight stigma and bias can be verbal (insults, teasing, stereotypes, or derogatory names) or physical-bullying.

We now see that discrimination based upon weight is more prevalent than race discrimination-with a 66% increase over the past decade. “There’s an atmosphere now where it’s O.K. to blame everything on weight,” said Dr. Linda Bacon, a nutrition researcher. Research suggests images in news media of obesity extremely negative, biased, & stigmatizing- which creates prejudice. In some cases stigma results in employment discrimination where an obese employee is denied a position because of their appearance regardless of their qualifications. This isn’t just a few people-43% of overweight people report weight stigma by employers or supervisors.

Recent research has highlighted just how deeply weight stigma runs-and it’s not just in job interviews or promotions. According to Huizinga et al The higher a patient’s body mass, the less respect doctors express for that patient. Weight stigma is a significant risk factor for depression, low self esteem and body dissatisfaction. Victims of weight stigma have increased levels of stress (seen explicitly in cortisol levels and increased blood pressure), decreased desire to exercise.  This creates a negative life environment that may perpetuate cycles of overeating and underexercising-creating an unhealthy lifestyle.

So what can we do?

No matter what size he or she might be it’s important that you talk to your child about weight stigma and foster within them a positive self esteem.  

  • Help us all to create school environments that are conducive to learning-by reducing weight stigma.
  • Are you a health provider? Talk to your patients without weight stigma. Yale Rudd Center is a fantastic resource for all providers.
  • As an employer-make sure you are not perpetuating weight stigma.
  • Just because someone is overweight doesn’t mean they don’t exercise, they don’t eat healthfully or they are lazy. Stop those you see using weight stigma and bias. Change the stereotypes within your own mind. 

We must learn to take a Health at Every Size approach and treat all individuals the same-whether they are our clients, our friends or just people we meet on the street. Weight is a number, and you can not tell someone’s entire life or health history from judging their outward appearance. 



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Comments
kara commented on 08-Mar-2012 12:40 PM
As a middle school teacher, I am so glad that you mentioned the importance of school environments that are safe for children of all sizes. Weight seems to be the last acceptable form of prejudice; we have a strong anti-bullying curriculum and I consistently
try to impart to my students that teasing anybody about their body is inappropriate, offensive, and unacceptable. Students know not to tease based on race, religion, or sexual orientation, but they truly do not see anything wrong with "fat" jokes. It is our
job as adults and educators to set a good example to the children in our lives. During one lesson of our anti-Bullying program, I had a group of about 20 children. It broke my heart when a beautiful young girl raised her hand and said that it is embarrassing
to her when her mother makes her shop in the women's department rather than the children's because she is "more developed" than her friends. Why is that something to be ashamed of? We need our young girls to feel that becoming a woman, a woman with curves
and a figure, is something special and something to look forward to, not something to fear. Thanks so much for bringing this out in the open.
Marci commented on 08-Mar-2012 03:07 PM
Kara, thank you so so much for sharing your perspective. I appreciate your insight and I think it's something that we as adults need to really think about. Words are powerful and our children hear what we say.

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